What Are The Three Types of Electric Style Screwdrivers?


Electric screwdrivers are versatile tools that are essential in DIY projects and home improvement tasks. They come in three main types: standard electric screwdrivers, impact drivers, and drill drivers, each with unique features and benefits.

In this article, we’ll explore each type in detail, comparing and contrasting their functions and ideal use-cases.

Standard Electric Screwdrivers

Standard electric screwdrivers are the most basic type of electric screwdriver. They’re designed for light-duty tasks like assembling flat-pack furniture, hanging pictures, and other general-purpose usage. They’re compact, lightweight, and easy to handle, making them suitable for those who are new to DIY projects or those who need a simple tool for general household tasks.

One of the significant benefits of standard electric screwdrivers is that they’re affordable, making them an excellent option for users who are on a tight budget. They’re also versatile, they’re perfect for tasks that require control and precision, as they offer a limited amount of power, making them ideal for small and delicate screws.

Impact Drivers

Impact drivers are designed for heavy-duty tasks such as driving long screws or bolts. They generate high torque, which makes them ideal for dense materials such as hardwood, masonry, and metalwork. They’re also excellent for removing bolts or nuts that have become stuck.

The main difference between impact drivers and other electric screwdrivers is the way they work. Impact drivers use a quick rotational and tapping force to drive screws into materials. This action results in less user fatigue and generates more power, making them ideal for heavy-duty projects.

One significant benefit of impact drivers is that they have a compact and lightweight design, making them easy to use in tight spaces. They also have a high runtime compared to standard electric screwdrivers, making them an ideal choice for those working on longer projects.

Drill Drivers

Drill drivers are the most versatile type of electric screwdriver. They can handle both drilling and screwdriving, making them suitable for various DIY projects. They’re excellent for general-purpose use, such as hanging shelves, building a bookshelf, or assembling cabinetry.

Drill drivers have adjustable torque settings, allowing them to handle various tasks, from delicate work to high torque applications like driving through dense materials such as hardwood and metalwork.

They’re also available in cordless and corded options, making them an excellent option for those who need a reliable tool but are working on a budget. Drill drivers are perfect for those who are starting out with DIY projects and looking for a versatile tool.

Should I buy a Standard Electric Screwdriver, Impact Driver or Drill Driver?

Below, we will look at the pros and cons of all three.

Standard Electric Screwdrivers:

Pros: Affordable, compact, lightweight, easy to control.

Cons: Limited power and not suitable for heavy-duty work.

Impact Drivers:

Pros: High torque, perfect for heavy-duty work, less user fatigue, compact and lightweight.

Cons: More expensive than standard electric screwdrivers, not ideal for light-duty tasks unless it has a adjustable power output settings

Drill Drivers:

Pros: Versatile, variable speed control, adjustable torque control, suitable for different material types and tasks.

Cons: More expensive than standard electric screwdrivers, may not have as much torque as impact drivers for heavy-duty work.

Overall, when selecting an electric screwdriver, consider the intended use and types of projects you’ll be working on. If you need higher torque for heavy-duty tasks, then an impact driver might be the right choice for you.

But, if you are looking for versatility for various projects, then a drill driver is the tool for you. However, for general purpose and light DIY jobs, the standard electric screwdriver is a more affordable and viable option.

Why Is Torque and RPM an Important Feature In an Electric Screwdriver?

Torque and RPM are essential features in an electric screwdriver, mainly because they determine the speed, accuracy, and power of the tool.

Torque refers to the force applied to the screw when it’s installed into a material. It’s crucial in ensuring that the screw is secured and stays in place once it’s installed. A higher torque rating means that the driver can apply more force, making it easier to drive screws into dense materials. It’s essential to select an electric screwdriver that has an adjustable torque setting, allowing you to set the correct amount of torque for the specific material you’re working with.

RPM, on the other hand, refers to the speed at which the electric screwdriver rotates. It determines how quickly the screwdriver can turn, and the faster it rotates, the quicker you can complete your project. RPM is critical when working with different sizes of screws or drilling into various materials. It’s essential to choose a screwdriver that has a variable speed control feature to adjust the RPM for different projects.

Combined, the torque and RPM features provide the electric screwdriver with the necessary power and speed to handle different sizes and types of screws and materials, making it an essential tool for any DIY project. When selecting an electric screwdriver, pay attention to both the torque and RPM power specifications, and make sure the electric screwdriver power output meets your specific needs.

In conclusion

Choosing the right electric screwdriver depends on the specific needs of your project. Standard electric screwdrivers are suitable for light-duty tasks, while impact drivers are suitable for heavy-duty and dense materials.

Drill drivers are ideal for general-purpose use due to their versatility and adjustability. Regardless of the type of electric screwdriver you choose, make sure to consider the torque, RPM, battery life, and additional features to ensure that you select the best option for your project.